Indian wrestling is translated from the Hindi phrase Bharatiya Kushti, otherwise known as Kushti wrestling. It has it's own distinct style, the most obvious being that all bouts are conducted on a mud pit or in competition, an open area with the mud having been dug to give a suitable surface. Kushti is also the term used for competitive wrestling.
Jor is used to describe a wrestling practice and exercise. Jor is wrestling in slow time and as partners, one wrestler will work on a particular move while the other wrestler will give them the chance to execute the move smoothly. Whereas competition is diresct force against force, Jor allows wrestlers to work together to perfect their art.
During Jor you learn the moves and must concentrate on performing them correctly under supervision of the Akharas guru. Wrestlers who do not put in the effort or fail to concentrate are rebuked by their peers, when one comes to the Akhara their mind should be set to it's purpose.
The ability to practice moves and throws in a controlled situation aids the wrestlers skill but also acts as physical and mental exercise. Jor can last up to an hour or more and anyone who has wrestled will know how taxing and exacting it can be. Muscles and tendons are pulled, pushed and stretched. Kinetic chains of movement are imprinted into the nervous system. Whereas dands, bethaks, gada and the other exercises that make up vyayam are mechanically repetitive to a certain degree, Jor allows a free flow of movements and is entirely improvised. No two sessions would be exactly the same.
Wrestlers who perform Jor in the morning often comment on how it gives them power and energy as well as mental well being for the rest of the day, much in the same way as a yoga practitioner, it gives them self actualising power to lead a more fulfilling life.