The Gada is a mace like strength tool, with a bamboo handle and either stone, concrete or sometimes iron for the head. It is associated with Hanuman, the Indian God of strength who has shrines in all Akharas. The gada is taken from the ground up and over the head to initialise the movement which looks much like a pendulum in motion, swinging smoothly from one shoulder to the other behind the body. The gada works the grip, shoulder girdle, back and full body and can be swung using one or two hands.
Te Gada has it's origins in the Ramayan and Mahabarat two major Sanskrit epic tales. Many of the hindu champions and Gods are depicted as being mighty wielders of the mace and was a weapon used in real combat.
The weight of a gada can be very light, a few kilos used for warm ups with a single arm and progress up to 60 kilos or more during competitions. Each swing of a Gada left and right counts as 1 "hath" or hand, so 1 repetition to the left and right would be 1 hand.
Breathing is with a closed mouth no exertion is to be shown, the face placid and calm.
The Gada swing is one of the three competitive lifts along with Jori and Dumbbell swings.